Multilateral conventions, by definition, involve several contracting parties, and are generally initiated by international organizations whose membership comprises a large number of sovereign states, including Canada.
Bilateral: which commits Canada and another State.
Multilateral: which commits Canada and several other States.
In Canada, constitutional law and practice have confirmed the exclusive power of the provincial governments to implement multilateral conventions within their own territories when they concern matters under their constitutional jurisdiction.
In Québec, the Minister of International Relations must see to Québec's interests during the negotiation of a multilateral convention concerning such matters, and ensure and coordinate its implementation.
In accordance with the Act respecting the Ministère des Relations internationales, the Québec government must, in order to be bound by an international convention and to give its assent to Canada's expressing its consent to be bound by such a convention, make an order to that effect.
Currently, Québec has declared itself to be bound by 31 international conventions.
Multilateral conventions are displayed in two formats:
- an administrative codification produced by the MRIF, which can be viewed by clicking on the title
- the original document, presented with the authorization of the Treaty Section of the United Nations, in collaboration with the Treaty Section of the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada.
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Last update: 2017-07-19 4:40:42 PM